******ECUADOR*****AUGUST 1998******  ******ECUADOR*****AUGUST 1998******

Below is a list of 466 species of birds identified in approx. 2 weeks by a
group of 9 birders in northern Ecuador, visiting half a dozen sites from
the Andes down the Pacific slope and ending up along the Napo River in the
Amazon Basin. The trip was organized and led by Mark Welford of Georgia
Southern Univ., with Juan Veintimilla of Quito making in-country
arrangements.  John Rollins, an American ex-pat and noted Ecuadorian
birder helped out with guiding at Yanacocha.  Venicio Perez (who has an
amazing ear and memory and an Ecuadorian life list of 1400) guided us to a
Cock-of-the-Rock lek and many other fabulous birds on his own property
outside of Mindo.  Our native guide, Oscar, at Sacha Lodge on the Napo was
equally skilled at bird-finding--from the forest trails, the 140-ft tree
tower, and the dugout canoe.

Highlights included 45 species of tanagers and allies, 37 species of
hummingbirds, 61 tyrannids, 19 parrots, 10 toucans, 5 barbets, 7
nightjars, 6 trogons, 20 furnariids, 24 antbirds, and the famed hoatzin;
also 5 monkeys, sloths, agouti, caiman, and a 7.1 magnitude earthquake.

We saw some of the Ecuadorian endemics, including Pale-mandibled Aracari and 
Golden-crested Manakin, some Choco forest endemics such as Scarlet-breasted 
Dacnis and Silver-throated Warbler and some Amazonian river-island endemics, 
including White-bellied Spinetail, Olive-spotted Hummingbird, and Castelnau's 
Antshrike. 

We spent the following times (days) at the following localities and
habitats, which are recorded for each species (see legend):  Interandean,
urban parks (1); paramo, Cotapaxi NP (<1 day, 1 person); pre-paramo/
polylepis forest at Yanacocha (<1); cloudforest in Bellavista area (3;
includes entrance Rd., part of old Nono-Mindo Rd. and "Lindo Mindo"
gardens along main Hwy north of town of Mindo); montane forest at/near
Mindo-Nambillo preserve and town of Mindo (2); pre-montane Choco
rainforest along Rio Silanche, near Pedro Vicente Maldonado (<1); Pacific
lowland Rainforest at Rio Palenque (1; includes roadside areas near Santo
Domingo de los Colorados); pre-montane forest at Tinalandia (1.5);
Amazonian lowland rainforest (3).
      
-------------------------------------------------------------------------

       Birds Seen (and Heard Only) 1-15 August, 1998 in N. Ecuador 

 K.Avera, A.Bennett, B.Bergstrom, E.Keferl, J.Quinn, T.Trepke, T.Welford,
 M.Welford (leader), S.Woodward


Legend:

Q = Quito/Otavalo & Inter-Andean N. Ecuador (with P= Pifo, 10000+ ft.; C= 
Cotopaxi NP, 12,000+ ft.);  Y = Yanacocha, 11,000+ ft.; B = Bellavista, 
6-7,000 ft. (with L= Mindo Lindo, 5,000 ft.; N= Nono-Mindo Rd.);  M = Mindo 
area, 4-5,000 ft.; C = Choco rainforest along Rio Silanche, 2-3,000 ft);  
P = Rio Palenque Preserve & Santo Domingo de Los Colorados, 800 ft.;  T = 
Tinalandia, 2500 ft.;  N = Rio Napo, Amazonian Lowlands, esp. Sacha Lodge.  

                                      Q    Y    B    M    C    P    T    N      
                                                                            
(Great Tinamou)                                                          x      
(Little Tinamou)                                               x         x      
                                                                            
Pied-billed Grebe                     P
Silvery Grebe                         C

Neotropic Cormorant                                       x    x                

Andean Teal                           C                                    

Cocoi Heron                                                              x      
Striated Heron                                         x                        
(Rufescent Tiger-Heron)                                                  x      
Cattle Egret                                                   x         x      
Great Egret                                                    x         x      
                                                                            
Roseate Spoonbill                                                        x      
                                                                            
Black Vulture                                        x    x    x         x      
Turkey Vulture                                  x    x    x    x         x      
Yellow-headed Vulture                                                    x      
Andean Condor                              x
                                      Q    Y    B    M    C    P    T    N      
                                                                            
Osprey                                                                   x      
Hook-billed Kite                                     x                   x      
Double-toothed Kite                                                      x      
Plumbeous Kite                                                           x      
Swallow-tailed Kite                                       x              
Slender-billed Kite                                                      x
Black-and-Chestnut Eagle                   x
Crested Eagle                                        x 
(Barred Hawk)                                        x
Plain-breasted Hawk                             x    x                          
Roadside Hawk                              x    x    x    x    x         x      
Variable Hawk                              x                                    
American Kestrel                     P,C   x                                    
Merlin                                x                                         
Bat Falcon                                           x                          
Laughing Falcon                                           x                     
(Barred Forest Falcon)                               x                          
(Collared Forest Falcon)                        x                               
(Lined Forest Falcon)                                x                   x      
Yellow-headed Caracara                                                   x      
Black Caracara                                                           x      
                                      Q    Y    B    M    C    P    T    N      
                                                                            
Speckled Chachalaca                                                      x      
Blue-throated Piping-Guan                                                x      
Sickle-winged Guan                              x                               
Wattled Guan                                    x                           

(Dark-backed Wood-Quail)                        x                               
(Marbled Wood-Quail)                                                     x      
Rufous-fronted Wood-Quail                            x                          

Andean Coot                           C
(White-throated Crake)                               x                          
Purple Gallinule                                                         x      
                                                                            
(Limpkin)                                                                x      
                                                                            
Wattled Jacana                                                           x
Southern Lapwing                                                         x      
Andean Lapwing                        C
Greater Yellowlegs                    C                                  x      
Lesser Yellowlegs                     C
Spotted Sandpiper                                                        x      
Baird's Sandpiper                     C
Andean Gull                           C
Large-billed Tern                                                        x      
Yellow-billed Tern                                                       x      
                                      Q    Y    B    M    C    P    T    N      
                                                                            
Rock Dove                             x    x         x         x                
Band-tailed Pigeon                              x                               
Plumbeous Pigeon                                x                               
Pale-vented Pigeon                                                       x      
Ruddy Pigeon                                         x    x              x      
Ruddy Ground-dove                                                        x      
Blue Ground-dove                                               x                
White-tipped Dove                                              x                
Eared Dove                            x    x                                    
Pallid Dove                                                         x           
Ruddy Quail-Dove                                                         x      
White-throated Quail-Dove                      (x)   x                            
                                                                            
Great Green Macaw                                         x                     
Chestnut-fronted Macaw                                                   x      
Military Macaw                                                           x      
Red-bellied Macaw                                                        x
Barred Parakeet                                 x
White-eyed Parakeet                                                      x      
Dusky-headed Parakeet                                                    x      
Maroon-tailed Parakeet                                                   x      
Cobalt-winged Parakeet                                                   x      
Yellow-crowned Parrot                                                    x      
Orange-winged Parrot                                                     x      
Black-headed Parrot                                                      x
Red-billed Parrot                               x                               
Scaly-naped Parrot                              x                               
Bronze-winged Parrot                                 x                          
Blue-headed Parrot                                   x    x              x      
Mealy Parrot                                                             x      
Blue-winged Parrotlet                                                    x      
Blue-fronted Parrotlet                          x                              
                                      Q    Y    B    M    C    P    T    N      
                                                                            
Squirrel Cuckoo                                 x    x    x    x         x      
Striped Cuckoo                                            x                     
Smooth-billed Ani                                    x    x    x         x      
Greater Ani                                                              x      
                                                                            
Hoatzin                                                                  x      
                                                                            
(Ferruginous Pygmy Owl)                                                  x      
Tropical Screech Owl                                                     x      
Tawny-bellied Screech Owl                                                x      
Crested Owl                                                              x      
Black-banded Owl                                                         x      
Rufous-banded Owl                               x                               
(Andean Pygmy Owl)                              x    x                          
(White-throated Owl)                            x                               
                                                                            
Common Potoo                                    x    x                          
Rufous-bellied Nighthawk                        x                               
Swallow-tailed Nightjar                         x                               
Lyre-tailed Nightjar                           (x)                  x           
Ladder-tailed Nightjar                                                   x      
Band-winged Nightjar                            x
Common Pauraque                                      x                          
                                                                            
White-collared Swift                            x              x         x      
Chestnut-collared Swift                         x    x                          
Short-tailed Swift                                                       x      
Band-rumped Swift                                    x                          
Gray-rumped Swift                                                   x           
Fork-tailed Palm Swift                                                   x      
Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift                                    x
                                      Q    Y    B    M    C    P    T    N      
                                                                            
Baron's (was Long-tailed) Hermit                               x    x           
Straight-billed Hermit                                                   x      
Tawny-bellied Hermit                            x                               
Band-tailed Barbthroat                                         x                
White-whiskered Hermit                                              x           
Rufous-breasted Hermit                                                   x
White-necked Jacobin                                           x
Rufous-tailed Hmngbrd.                                   x          x    x      
Green-crowned Woodnymph                              x              x           
Fork-tailed Woodnymph                                                    x
Purple-crowned Fairy                                           x                
Blue-tailed Emerald                                                      x      
Western Emerald                                                     x           
Andean Emerald                                  L    x                          
Green-crowned Brilliant                                             x           
Fawn-breasted Brilliant                         x                               
Ecuadorian Hillstar                   C
Shining Sunbeam                       x    x                                    
Collared Inca                                   x                               
Buff-winged Starfrontlet                   x                                    
Buff-tailed Coronet                             x                               
Velvet-purple Coronet                           L                               
Green Violetear                                 x                               
Sparkling Violetear                   x                                         
Brown Violetear                                      x                          
Speckled Hummingbird                            x                               
Olive-spotted Hummingbird                                                x      
Jewelfront                                                               x      
Gorgeted Sunangel                               x                               
Sapphire-vented Puffleg                    x                                    
Purple-bibbed Whitetip                               x                          
Black-tailed Trainbearer              x    x                                    
Tyrian Metaltail                           x                                    
Blue-headed Sapphire                            L                               
Violet-tailed Sylph                             L                               
Purple-throated Woodstar                        x                               
White-bellied Woodstar                          x
                                      Q    Y    B    M    C    P    T    N      
                                                                            
Black-tailed Trogon                                            x                
Masked Trogon                                   x                   x           
White-tailed Trogon                                                      x      
Collared Trogon                                               x                 
(Crested Quetzal)                               x                               
Golden-headed Quetzal                                L
                                                                            
Green Kingfisher                                                    x    x      
Ringed Kingfisher                                         x              x      
Pygmy Kingfisher                                                         x
Green-and-Rufous Kingfisher                                              x      
                                                                            
Blue-crowned Motmot                                                      x      
Rufous Motmot                                                       x           
                                                                            
White-eared Jacamar                                                      x      
White-chinned Jacamar                                                    x      
Brown Jacamar                                                            x      
                                                                             
(Barred Puffbird)                                    x         x                
Black-fronted Nunbird                                                    x      
Swallow-wing                                                             x      
                                      Q    Y    B    M    C    P    T    N      
                                                                            
Toucan Barbet                                   x   (x)                         
Orange-fronted Barbet                                     x                     
Red-headed Barbet                                         x                     
Black-spotted Barbet                                                     x      
Scarlet-crowned Barbet                                                   x      
                                                                            
Many-banded Aracari                                                      x      
Ivory-billed Aracari                                                     x      
Lettered Aracari                                                         x      
Pale-mandibled Aracari                               x    x                     
Golden-collared Toucanet                                                 x      
Crimson-rumped Toucanet                              x                          
Plate-billed Mountain-Toucan                   x                               
Choco Toucan                                                        x           
Yellow-ridged Toucan                                                     x      
White-throated Toucan                                                    x      
                                                                                
Olivaceous Piculet                                             x                
Chestnut Piculet                                N
Lineated Woodpecker                                       x
Black-cheeked Woodpecker                                       x                
Golden-olive Woodpecker                              x                          
Guayaquil Woodpecker                                           x                
Crimson-crested Woodpecker                                               x      
Chestnut Woodpecker                                                      x      
Smoky-brown Woodpecker                               x                          
Spot-breasted Woodpecker                                                 x      
Scale-breasted Woodpecker                                                x      
Cream-colored Woodpecker                                                 x      
Yellow-tufted Woodpecker                                                 x  
                                      Q    Y    B    M    C    P    T    N      
                                                                            
Spotted Woodcreeper                                                 x           
Tyrannine Woodcreeper                           x                               
Streak-headed Woodcreeper                                      x                
(Strong-billed Woodcreeper)                     x
Montane Woodcreeper                             x   (x)                         
Buff-throated Woodcreeper                                                x      
Wedge-billed Woodcreeper                             x              x    x      
Barred Woodcreeper                                                  x    x      
Black-banded Woodcreeper                                                 x      
Plain-brown Woodcreeper                                                  x      
                                                                            
Stout-billed Cinclodes                C
Bar-winged Cinclodes                  C
Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner                         x                          
Scaly-throated Foliage-gleaner                       x                          
Slaty-winged Foliage-gleaner                              x
(Chestnut-crowned Foliage-gleaner)                                       x      
(Lineated Foliage-gleaner)                      x                               
Pacific Hornero                                           x   (x)   x           
Azara's Spinetail                               x    x                          
Red-faced Spinetail                             x    x    x                     
Slaty Spinetail                                      x                          
Rufous Spinetail                                x                               
Dark-breasted Spinetail                                                  x      
White-bellied Spinetail                                                  x      
Rusty-backed Spinetail                                                   x      
Uniform Treehunter                                        x                     
Pearled Treerunner                         x                                    
(Striped Treehunter)                            x                               
(Streak-capped Treehunter)                           x
Orange-fronted Plushcrown                                                x      
                                      Q    Y    B    M    C    P    T    N      
                                                                            
(Black-faced Antthrush)                                                  x      
(Rufous-breasted Antthrush)                          x                          
Noble (=Striated) Antthrush                                              x      
Barred Antshrike                                                         x      
Fasciated Antshrike                                                      x      
Dusky-throated Antshrike                                                 x      
(Castelnau's Antshrike)                                                  x      
Western Slaty Antshrike                                   x                     
Checker-throated Antwren                                  x                     
Pygmy Antwren                                                            x      
Dot-winged Antwren                                             x                
Streaked Antwren                                                    x           
White-flanked Antwren                                                    x
Dugand's Antwren                                                         x
White-shouldered Antbird                                                 x      
(Long-tailed Antbird)                           x                               
(Chestnut-backed Antbird)                            x         x                
Thrushlike Antpitta                                                      x      
(Chestnut-crowned Antpitta)                     x                               
(Chestnut-naped Antpitta)                            x
(Unicolored Tapaculo)                      x                                    
Ocellated Tapaculo                         x                                    
(Rusty-belted Tapaculo)                                                  x      
(Spillman's Tapaculo)                           x                               
                                      Q    Y    B    M    C    P    T    N      
                                                                            
White-bearded Manakin                                     x                     
Wire-tailed Manakin                                                      x      
Orange-crested Manakin                                                   x      
Club-winged Manakin                                  x
                                                                            
White-browed Purpletuft                                                  x      
Plum-throated Cotinga                                                    x      
Black-tipped Cotinga                                      x                     
Screaming Piha                                                           x      
Purple-throated Fruit-crow                                x         x    x      
Bare-necked Fruitcrow                                                    x      
Amazonian Umbrellabird                                                   x      
(Green-and-Black Fruiteater)                    x                               
Andean Cock-of-the-Rock                              x                          
                                                                            
Streak-necked Flycatcher                        x                               
Olive-striped Flycatcher                                       x
Scale-crested Pygmy-tyrant                           x                          
Tawny-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant                      x
Common Tody-flycatcher                               x    x                     
Yellow-browed Tody-flycatcher                                            x      
Black-headed Tody-Flycatcher                                        x
                                      Q    Y    B    M    C    P    T    N      
Tyrannidae (cont'd)                                                         

White-throated Tyrranulet                  x                                    
White-tailed Tyrranulet                         x                               
White-banded Tyrranulet                    x                                    
Sooty-headed Tyrranulet                              x
Ashy-headed Tyrranulet                               x
Southern Beardless Tyrannulet                                       x           
Yellow-crowned Tyrranulet                                                x      
Golden-faced Tyrranulet                                   x         x           
Torrent Tyrranulet                                   x                          
White-crested Elaenia                           x                               
Mottle-backed Elaenia                                                    x      
Yellow-bellied Elaenia                               x         x
Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant                   x                                    
Yellow-bellied Chat-Tyrant                      x                               
Streak-throated Bush-tyrant                x                                    
Smoky Bush-tyrant                          x                                    
Plain-capped Ground-Tyrant            C    x                                    
Black-billed Shrike-Tyrant            P                                         
Drab Water-tyrant                                                        x      
Masked Water-tyrant                                            x    x           
Sirystes                                                                 x      
Streaked Flycatcher                                                      x      
Great Kiskadee                                                           x      
Boat-billed Flycatcher                                                   x      
                                      Q    Y    B    M    C    P    T    N      
Tyrannidae (cont'd)                                                         
                                                                            
Social Flycatcher                                    x         x    x    x      
Rusty-margined Flycatcher                                 x                     
Piratic Flycatcher                                                       x      
Crowned Slaty-Flycatcher                                                 x      
Variegated Flycatcher                                                    x      
White-ringed Flycatcher                                                  x
Lemon-browed Flycatcher                              x
Flavescent Flycatcher                           x
Short-crested Flycatcher                                                 x
Cinnamon Flycatcher                             x                               
Gray-capped Flycatcher                                                   x      
Golden-crowned Flycatcher                       x                               
Ornate Flycatcher                                    x                          
Bran-colored Flycatcher                                             x           
Tawny-breasted Flycatcher                                           x           
Fork-tailed Flycatcher                                                   x      
Dusky-capped Flycatcher                              x         x                
Vermilion Flycatcher                  x
Smoke-colored Pewee                             L    x                          
Tropical Pewee                                       x
Black Phoebe                                    x    x                          
Tropical Kingbird                               x    x    x         x    x      
(Bright-rumped Attila)                                                   x      
Rufous Mourner                                            x                     
Cinnamon Becard                                      x                          
One-colored Becard                                   x                          
White-winged Becard                                  x                   x
Masked Tityra                                        x    x         x           
Black-crowned Tityra                                           x         x      
Black-tailed Tityra                                                      x      
                                      Q    Y    B    M    C    P    T    N      
                                                                            
Gray-breasted Martin                                                     x      
Brown-chested Martin                                                     x      
Blue-and-white Swallow                     x                   x    x           
Brown-bellied Swallow                      x                                    
White-winged Swallow                                                     x      
White-banded Swallow                                                     x      
Rough-winged Swallow                              x    x         x    x         
White-thighed Swallow                                     x                     
                                                                            
Turquoise Jay                                   x                               
Violaceous Jay                                                           x      
(Beautiful Jay)                                 x
                                                                            
House Wren                                           x              x           
Black-capped Donacobius                                                  x      
Thrushlike Wren                                                          x      
Rufous Wren                                x                                    
Bay Wren                                             x                          
Sepia-Brown Wren                                x
Banded-backed Wren                                             x                
Gray-mantled Wren                     x                                         
Gray-breasted Wood-wren                         x    x                          
(White-breasted Wood-wren)                                               x      
(Plain-tailed Wren)                             x                               
(Southern Nightingale-Wren)                                    x    x           
                                                                            
Tropical Gnatcatcher                                      x                     
                                      Q    Y    B    M    C    P    T    N      
                                                                            
Red-eyed Vireo                                                           x      
Lesser Greenlet                                      x                          
Brown-capped Vireo                              x         x    x                
Black-billed Peppershrike                            x

White-capped Dipper                                                 x       

(Slaty-backed Nightingale-thrush)                                   x           
Black-billed Thrush                                                      x      
Ecuadorian Thrush                                              x                
Pale-vented Thrush                         x                                    
Great Thrush                          x    x    x                               
Glossy-black Thrush                             x                               
Andean Solitaire                                     x                          

Buff-rumped Warbler                                                 x           
Golden-bellied Warbler                                              x           
Gray-and-Gold Warbler                      x                                    
Russet-crowned Warbler                          x                              
Black-crested Warbler                                x                          
Three-striped Warbler                           x
Tropical Parula                                 L    x    x         x           
Olive-crowned Yellowthroat                           x                          
Slate-throated Redstart                         x    x                          
Spectacled Redstart                             x                               
                                      Q    Y    B    M    C    P    T    N      
                                                                            
Green Honeycreeper                                                  x           
Purple Honeycreeper                                                 x           
Red-legged Honeycreeper                                                  x      
Swallow Tanager                                 x    x    x              x      
Black Flower-Piercer                       x                                    
Bluish Flower-Piercer                           x                               
Glossy Flower-Piercer                      x                                    
Masked Flower-Piercer                           x                               
Bananaquit                                                x                     
Blue Dacnis                                                         x           
Black-faced Dacnis                                                       x      
Yellow-tufted Dacnis                                      x         x           
Scarlet-breasted Dacnis                                   x
Cinereous Conebill                    x    x                                    
Blue-backed Conebill                       x                                    
Capped Conebill                                 x                              
Superciliaried Hemispingus                 x                                    
                                                                            
Silver-beaked Tanager                                                    x      
Paradise Tanager                                                         x      
Opal-rumped Tanager                                                      x      
Masked Tanager                                                           x      
Green-and-Gold Tanager                                                   x      
Turquoise Tanager                                                        x      
Masked Crimson Tanager                                                   x      
White-shouldered Tanager                                       x         x      
Grass-green Tanager                             x                               
Blue-capped Tanager                   x         x                               
Golden-naped Tanager                            x    x                          
Golden-hooded Tanager                                     x                     
Metallic Green Tanager                          x    x    x                     
Beryl-spangled Tanager                          x                               
Glistening-green Tanager                             x                          
Gray-and-Gold Tanager                                     x                     
Scarlet-and-White Tanager                                 x                     
Silver-throated Tanager                                   x         x           
Dusky-faced Tanager                                                 x           
Guira Tanager                                                       x           
Magpie Tanager                                            x                     
                                      Q    Y    B    M    C    P    T    N      
                                                                            
Thraupinae (cont'd)                                                         
                                                                            
Palm Tanager                                                        x    x      
Lemon(=Flame=Bright)-rumped Tanager                  x    x         x           
Fawn-breasted Tanager                                               x           
Golden Tanager                                  x    x                          
Flame-faced Tanager                             x                               
Bay-headed Tanager                                        x         x           
Blue-necked Tanager                                       x         x           
White-winged Tanager                                 x                          
Blue-gray Tanager                                         x         x    x      
Opal-crowned Tanager                                                     x
Blue-and-Black Tanager                          x
Blue-and-yellow Tanager                                   x
Gray-headed Tanager                                                      x
Hooded Mountain-Tanager                    x
Scarlet-bellied Mountain-Tanager           x                                    
Blue-winged Mountain-Tanager                    x                               
Dusky Bush-Tanager                              x                               
Yellow-throated Bush-Tanager                                        x           
Orange-bellied Euphonia                         x    x              x           
Orange-crowned Euphonia                                   x                     
Thick-billed Euphonia                                               x           
White-vented Euphonia                                                    x      
Rufous-bellied Euphonia                                                  x      
White-lored Euphonia                                                     x      
                                      Q    Y    B    M    C    P    T    N      
                                                                            
House Sparrow                                                  S                
                                                                            
Red-capped Cardinal                                                      x      
Yellow Grosbeak                            x    x                               
Scrub Blackbird                                      x                          
Shiny Cowbird                                        x              x           
Giant Cowbird                                        x                   x      
Crested Oropendola                                                       x      
Russet-backed Oropendola                             x                   x      
Casqued Oropendola                                                       x
Yellow-rumped Cacique                                                    x      
Red-breasted Blackbird                                                   x      
Oriole Blackbird                                                         x      
Hooded Siskin                              x                                    
Lesser Goldfinch                      x                                         
Rufous-collared Sparrow               C    x    x        (x)                    
Yellow-browed Sparrow                                                    x      
Orange-billed Sparrow                                               x           
Plush-capped Finch                         N
Plumbeous Sierra-Finch               P,C                                        
Crimson Finch-Tanager                                          x                
Rufous-naped Brush-Finch              x                                         
Tri-colored Brush-finch                              x                          
Blue-black Grassquit                                                x           
Variable Seedeater                                   x                   x      
Chestnut-bellied Seedeater                                               x      
Yellow-bellied Seedeater                             x                          
Slate-colored Seedeater               x                                         
Band-tailed Seedeater                 x                             x           
Plain-colored Seedeater                    x                                    
Black-winged Saltator                                x    x                     
Buff-throated Saltator                               x    x         x           

(464 spp.)

Legend:

Q = Quito/Otavalo & Inter-Andean N. Ecuador (with P= Pifo, 10000+ ft.; C= 
Cotopaxi NP, 12,000+ ft.);  Y = Yanacocha, 11,000+ ft.; B = Bellavista, 
6-7,000 ft. (with L= Mindo Lindo, 5,000 ft.; N= Nono-Mindo Rd.);  M = Mindo 
area, 4-5,000 ft.; C = Choco rainforest along Rio Silanche, 2-3,000 ft);  
P = Rio Palenque Preserve & Santo Domingo de Los Colorados, 800 ft.;  T = 
Tinalandia, 2500 ft.;  N = Rio Napo, Amazonian Lowlands, esp. Sacha Lodge.  


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